Valdštejn Castle Shiya amazwana

I-Valdstein (Waldstein) iyincithakalo esifundeni saseSemily ngaseT turnov, endaweni yePharadesi yaseBohemian. Inqaba yaseMelika yeValdštejn ivela engxenyeni yesibili ye-13. ikhulu leminyaka. Ngenye yezinqaba zakudala kule ndawo.

Inqaba yakha enye yamagatsha omndeni wakwaMarvartic eminyakeni engu-1260 kuya ku-1280. Kwaba cishe kusukela uJaroslav Hruštice noma indodana yakhe Zdenek Wallenstein bese baba umndeni wabo yokuhlala, owawuthi bona nenzalo yabo esetshenziswa Amakhosi isilandiso ka Wallenstein. Zibhalwe nge-Wallenstein.

UJaroslav zHruštice (uHruštice wayeyisiqhingi esiseduze neVerov) wasebenzisa igama elithi Jaroslav waseLemberk ngoba wayeyilungu lomndeni wakwaLemberk, indodana yesithathu yeHavel yaseLemberk. I Havel yaseLemberk bevela emndenini kaMarkvartic, owathola insimu enkulu eNyakatho Bohemia ngosizo lwe-Premyslids. Unina kaJaroslav wayenguZdislava waseLemberk, ogujwa ngo-1995.

I-Wallenstein yahlala i-100 iminyaka eminingi. Ngokwesibonelo. Ngazi Zdeněk ka Wallenstein, a courtier inkosi yakwa-Luxemburg John, Hynek ka Wallenstein owaphana 1336 nengxenye mikhankaso lempi Lithuania Czech King noJohane von Wallenstein, ngubani lent 1500 groschens Margrave Charles, kamuva iNkosi uCharles IV.

Ekupheleni kwe-14. Ukuhlala kwekhulu leminyaka kwakuthola umndeni waseVartenberg, owawuseMartvartic. Nge-Henry wase Wartenberg wakhetha ukuhlala izikweletu zabo umholi yamaHussite-Jan Zizka ka Trocnov, ngubani 1424 entwasahlobo eze ibutho Turnovo, Bamnqoba, bonisa sezindela yayo lanqoba Wallenstein. Wabe esethi uMnu Valečov, umngane wakhe, okwathi ngo 1427 eboshelwe Prince Sigismund Korybutovič, nembangi sobukhosi. Ngo 1431 lalingesinye umsekeli ayekade engamaHussite wawakholisa Castle Ramesh isehlukaniso Stakory (ke ka Hradek).

Eminyakeni 1438-1439 enqabeni (nemizana eseduze Kavčiny) ashaqe kunamaqembu ezigebengu wabaphangi ngakhoke kokubili 1440 yanqoba imali yesifundazwe. Abashayeli bezintambo baqhubeka. I-Sofa yaseHelenburg ne-1514 Smiřičtí evela kuSmiřice bahlala lapha. Emnyakeni we-1550 inqaba yayisemlilweni womlilo.

Ekupheleni kwe-17. unkom 'idlayodwa ekhulwini ixazululwe emanxiweni Vaclav Holan Rovenský waqala lapha ukuzwa ukuthi abanye abajikelezi ezahlukene. Abanikazi ifa lendawo Wallenstein (abanikazi iminyaka 1620-1821) nangemva kubo Aehrenthalové (1821-1945) eyakhelwe amanxiwa olungcwele oluya romantic. Ku-1713 kwakukhona izitebhisi zamatshe, i-1722 yakhiwe egcekeni lokuqala leChapel of St. John we Nepomuk futhi ngokushesha ngemva eziningi eziqoshiwe 1817 oko St Chapel. UJohane uMbhapathizi. Ku-1836, isango lokungena lakhiwa ngemuva kwesibhuloho samatshe, esinezithombe eziningana.

Umndeni wakwa-Čihulkov wayenendawo yokudlela enqabeni kusukela ku-1923 kuya ku-1949. Kwabe sekufakwe eqenjini le-Sokol. Kusukela iMpi Yezwe II, isikhungo sezintaba.

Le ncithakalo ifinyeleleka ngezinyawo ngapha kwesibonakaliso esibomvu nesibomvu sokuvakasha, epaki yokupaka esiseduzane cishe nge-1 km. Kusukela ku-Turnov, endaweni ye-cadastral yaseMašov eduze neT turnov, inqaba itholakala ku-3 km jjv. isiqondiso. Ukuvakasha kunokwenzeka ezinyangeni zonyaka, ngezindleko zokungena. Izinsalela ngokwayo ngamamitha angu-389, ukuphakama ngamamitha angu-90. Indawo egcinwe kuyo iHruboskalsko itholakala eningizimu-ntshonalanga yenqaba.

Kuyathakazelisa

  • Hlala unomphela we-nazýval Waldenstein, v českém překladu tedy Amatshe ehlathi.
  • Lalela Funda Kudivayisi kuphela Kwengeziwe Buka Kufakiwe Okuningi okuvela kumbhali Obraz světce v kapličce je možná jedinou existující podobiznou Karla Hynka Máchy. Umbhali womdwebo we-1836 nguFrantisek Mašek (Maschek, 1790-1862).
  • Na Valdštejně složil skladatel Josef Bohuslav Foerster i-oratorium Sv. Václav a Fifth Symphony.
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