Giant, zintaba, iPharadesi Czech
zintaba

zintaba

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zintaba (I-Isergebirge yaseJalimane, i-Polish Góry Izerskie, i-slang nayo ibiza ngokuthi i-Jizerky) iyinani eliphelele lezintaba ze-northernmost ze-Czech Republic. Ibanga lezintaba labizwa ngokuthi uMfula Jizera, otholakala emithambekeni yeSmrk, intaba ephakeme kunazo zonke ezingxenyeni zaseCzech. Kwakuqala kuthathwa njengendwangu entshonalanga yezintaba ezinkulu. Ingxenye yayo enkulu ikhona ePoland, lapho intaba ephakeme kunazo zonke zeJizerské Mountains i-Wysoka Kopa (1126 m).

Emhlabeni ezintabeni emzini Liberec, Frydlant, Raspenava, iNew Town ngezansi sonwele Świeradów-Zdroj, Szklarska Poreba, Desna, Tanvald futhi Jablonec nad Nisou. Ngokwalesi simiso sokuqondisa sendawo ingxenye Czech yezintaba etholakala ezifundeni Liberec, Jablonec nad Nisou futhi Semily Liberec esifundeni.

ngoba zintaba kukhona izindawo ezihambisana ngokulinganayo ezindaweni eziphezulu ezakha amapulangwe aphezulu, okuvela kuzo iziqu ze-granite futhi kukhona ukuthungatha okungafani okuqukethe ama-peat bogs amaningi.

zintaba flank amayunithi geomorphological ezilandelayo (kusukela enyakatho ngokuvumelana ngokwewashi) Frýdlantská upland, Kotlina Jeleniogórska, Giant Krkonošské yasehlanzeni ještěd-kozákov bulala Žitava umcengezi. Kusukela amayunithi ezungeze (ngaphandle kwe-zintaba) kukhona zintaba ngokucijile ahlukaniswe. Ngokwesibonelo, enyakatho emthambekeni Frydlantske izinkalo, kuba ngetulu kwetintfo esigodini Smědá has a isihlobo ukuphakama 500 m. Northeast Jizersky like liyaphuma phezulu ngaphezu yokhalo kwesigodi Kwisa Small Kamienna. Nakuba entabeni eningizimu sihamba kahle phakathi Liberec Basin, kodwa ivaliwe 18 km yokhalo eside Černostudniční.

I Jizera Izintaba abangu-28 ayizinkulungwane (iziqongo nge ukuphakama kwamamitha phezu 1000 nokuvelela kwamamitha phezu 5). Eminye imithombo ukwenza okwamanje ukufa White (1007 m) elele phakathi pigeonloft naseMontenegro millirem (m 1003) itholakala eningizimu Jizera noma ngesihlahla sonwele ezincane isiqongo Smrku nje ngemuva komngcele wasePoland-Czech. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ezinye izifunda Świeradowiec, kodwa lena entabeni ahlukene, kodwa spočinek Lužce kuphela.

Engxenyeni Czech zezintaba kutholakala izinkulungwane 15 futhi iningi labo isipikili okwakheke rock ehlukile. Baphinde babe esihlalweni ngempela ezijulile - 7 wabo has a ukuvelela (ukuphakama kusuka esihlalweni) okungenani 100 m Polish ingxenye Nokho kuyinto 13 ayizinkulungwane, kuhlanganise eliphakeme Wysoka Kopa, ifomu yabo, ihlukile, okwakheke rock is ingasaphathwa, ezintabeni pates ikakhulukazi flat. futhi isihlalo sehhashi engajulile. Ngaphezu kwalokho wysoka Kicks has ukuvelela kungekho isiqongo mkhulu kunezinhliziyo 60 amamitha.

Ithebula elilandelayo libala zonke izinkulungwane zokuphakama, ukuvelela nokuhlukaniswa. Ngokuthakazelisayo, i-Jizera inokuvelela okuvelele kuneSmrk, intaba ephakeme kakhulu engxenyeni yezintaba zaseCzech. Ngokuphambene nalokho, u-Smrk unesihlukaniso esiphezulu kuneWysok Kopa, intaba ephakeme kunazo zonke i-Jizera. Okunye okukhangayo kuvelele kwe-Černý vrch, okuwukuphakama kwe-1026 m ku-17. ephakeme kakhulu, kodwa yi-4. i-one hundredth ye-Jizera evelele kakhulu.

Ekupheleni kwe-proteozoic yi-Assynth wrinkle, intaba enkulu eyakhiwe ngokuhlukumezeka futhi yavela emkhakheni wezintaba ze-Jizera zamanje. Kodwa-ke, phakathi ne-200 yeminyaka eyalandela, le ntaba yayivumelanisiwe, futhi eSilurian, le ndawo yayigcwele amanzi olwandle. Phakathi nalesi sikhathi, ama-pluton amabili, okwenza namuhla isisekelo sezintaba, avele phezulu. I-basilica yahlanganiswa ebhodini elilodwa ngokufakwa kwe-Kaleon. Ukuma kwamanje kwenkululeko kwaqalwa ezinye izinqubo ezimbili: Ukunyakaza kwe-Hercynian kanye ne-Saxon ku-Tertiary. Kwakukhona phakathi nalesi sikhathi lapho kwakukhona amaphuzu ababekhona zintaba kugcizelelwe. I-slope ephukile iye yagcinwa, isibonelo, enyakatho ye-Špičák, Ořešník, Frýdlantské.

Namuhla anothile idwala Massif kukhona egwadle rocks - egwadle. Bafika-ke ukuchayeka ebusweni ezimbili Paleozoic plutons. Kusukela lezi zindikimba egwadle omdala Lausitz pluton, ezisabalele eentabeni-ntshonalanga okubizwa ngokuthi Rumburk egwadle. Phakathi solidifying yayo pluton ukuguqula lokhu ingcindezi kanye lokushisa rocks amadala - slate - ku schist kukhona isibonelo, mica strip izintaba ngesikali, enyakatho-mpumalanga. Kulezi posterior svor elamatshe (ezifakwa tin at okusha Idolobha ngezansi sonwele) futhi kamuva iziphethu gush amaminerali (Libverda, Czerniawa Zdroj Świeradów-imithombo). Lime kanye dolomite ukwakha Calcium Hill Raspenavy baguqukela zemabula. rocks Iningi gneiss metamorphosed ukwakha jizerské Polish High Jizera bulala entabeni Smrk. Ngenhla iNew Town kungenye schists eziveza - leptinytu. rocks Metamorphic nazo shales Železnobrodská futhi quartzites (White Rock at Prichovice).

Okwesibili, i-Krkonoše-Jizerská pluton cishe indawo esuka eCrastava kuya eSněžka. Kuye kwakhiwa futhi i-granite yayo yakha iningi lama-rocky Jizerskohorské. Emagqumeni aphakeme, izimila zamaminerali zanezela, ikakhulukazi i-basalt. Imizimba emikhulu ye-basalt yiBukovec nad Jizerkou neBuková ngaseJiřetín. Phakathi nekota, i-Jizera Mountains yaqhwalwa kuphela ezindaweni, i-glacier yase-continental yema emagqumeni enyakatho. Noma kunjalo, i-glacier yaseJizzera Izintaba yathonya. Ngenxa yesikhukhula sezulu, kuye kwaba neminyango efana namaqhwa ama-frost namadonga edwala. Ezinye izakhiwo zedwala ezithakazelisayo ezintabeni yizimbiza ezinamadwala, ama-vicaras nezindawo zamadwala.

Ngenxa yendawo yabo i-Jizera Mountains inenethiwekhi enamandla kakhulu yamanzi. Amathafa entabeni yezintaba aholela ekuhlukaneni phakathi kweLwandle lwaseBaltic neNyakatho yeLwandle. Kusukela entshonalanga naseningizimu-ntshonalanga, amanzi aseLužická Nisa awela emgodini weZittau oLwandle lwaseBaltic. Enye yezinkokhelo zabo yiSměda, edla enyakatho yezintaba. Amanye ama-tributary abalulekile yi-Jeřice, i-Řasnice ne-Lomnice. Ehlangothini lasePoland, kunemifula ephawulekayo uBobr, uKamienna noKwisa. Empumalanga naseningizimu-ntshonalanga yendawo igxiliwe yiJizzerou ibe yi-Elbe futhi ngaleyo ndlela kuya eNyakatho YaseLwandle. I-tributary yayo ebaluleke kakhulu yiKamenice.

Amabhodlela amanzi asemqoka kakhulu embusweni wamanzi. I-peat bog, okuyinto isitshalo esiphezulu sezintaba, ingabamba amanzi amaningi emanzini ayo - kuze kube izikhathi ezingamashumi amabili ubukhulu bayo. Lokhu kuthinta ukuphuma kwamanzi nokuvuselela kabusha kwe-microclimate entabeni. Ngesikhathi esifanayo liphinde liphuze ukupheka kwentwasahlobo.

Imizimba yamanzi yemvelo yamanzi aseJizzera ayimifula yamanzi namachibi. Ekupheleni kwe-19. ikhulu leminyaka, kwakhiwa izindlu zamanzi ezincane ezakhiwe ngenhloso ezintabeni ukuze kusetshenziswe izitshalo zokugqoka kanye nezingilazi. Ngemuva kwezikhukhula ezimbi ze-29. I-7. I-1897, lapho kunesilinganiso sokungena kwezulu kuJizerské hory, yanquma ukuvikela amanye amadamu amaningana ukuze avikele eminye imicimbi. Ithimba lezokwakha Amanzi Abambisene Namanzi asetshenziselwe ukulawula ukugeleza komfula kanye nokwakha amadamu eGorge of Gorge, uProfesa Otto Intza wadala amamitha ayisithupha. Kwakuyidamu lokuqala lesigodi eCzech Republic, eliphinde laphakamisa ukukhathazeka ngesikhathi salo. Ekugcineni, kwakhiwa amamitha amahlanu amakhulu amakhulu, futhi ukwakhiwa kwedamu kuJeřice akuzange kwenziwe. Isakhiwo seHarcov, iBedřichov Dam, iMníšecká Dam, iDamýnická Dam nedamu laseJablonecká laqedwa. Amanye amadamu amabili - ngalesi sikhathi afafazwa - emgodini waseMfula Jizera agcwaliswe ku-1915. Omunye wabo, idamu e-White Desna, wahlukunyezwa ngonyaka odlule. Owesibili, i-souš Reservoir, namuhla usebenza njengomthombo wamanzi okuphuza eJablonec nad Nisou. Umthombo wamanzi weLiberec no-Českolipsko (ukuphinde uphinde ulahle) umthombo wamanzi u-Josefův Důl, owakhelwe ku-1976-82 iminyaka.

Amalungiselelo e-Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Czech ahlanganisa izinhlelo ezintathu ezihlukene nezinhlelo ezintathu zokupompa eduze noHejnice. Kodwa-ke, ngokwemibono eminingi, asikho isizathu sokwakha, kanye nezikhukhula kanye nezinguquko ezinzulu ezindaweni ezivikelwe zezintaba.

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