Yeqela kokuqukethwe okuyinhloko

Amanxiwa e-Vranov rock castle, i-Pantheon Malá Skála



IVranov (eyaziwa nangokuthi iSkála, Skála, Malá Skála noma iPantheon) iyincithakalo yenqaba yedwala ohlangothini lwesokunene soMfula iJizera, itholakala ngenhla kwedolobhana laseNyakatho Bohemian iMalá Skála, esifundeni saseJablonec nad Nisou. Ukusuka esigodlweni sewala lesikhathi sakudala, esasiyinqolobane enkulu kunazo zonke yohlobo lwazo emazweni aseCzech ngobude obungamamitha angamakhulu amane, kwasala insali encane kuphela - embozwe ukwakhiwa kabusha kwezothando kusukela ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-19. ubuntu. Ngemibono yayo emihle evela emaweni amawa, kanye nezindawo ezimazombezombe kakhulu (kugcwele izitebhisi, amakamelo amatshe, amakamelo, amasango ahlukahlukene, amathala, njll.), I-Vranov indawo ethandwa izivakashi endaweni yePPk Maloskalska.

Ucwaningo lwezinto zakudala lufakazela ukuba khona kwale nqaba kuphela ngekhulu le-15, kepha akunakuphikwa ukuthi amanye amabhlokhi wamatshe ayemi ezakhiwo ngaphambili. Yize kunjalo, idolobhana laseVranová laqala ukukhuluma ngalo ngo-1382 ngesikhathi lingelasesigodlweni sezindela eDominican eTurnov. Le nqaba kungenzeka yakhiwa ekuqaleni kweminyaka yama-20 yekhulu le-15, kusukela ngo-1422 kanye no-1425 okukhulunywa ngakho okokuqala. Ngaleso sikhathi bekuphethwe nguHeníček weSkála noyise uHeník Štěpanický waseValdštejn noVranov. Ngemuva kwakho konke, umndeni wakwa-Wallenstein wawungowayo yonke le minyaka ye-15. Ngaphansi kwendodana kaHeníček ngonyaka we-1453-1487 waba yisibambiso senhlangano yamaHussite kule ndawo futhi yathola ukuchuma kwayo okukhulu kakhulu. Ngo-1538, noma kunjalo, le mpahla yathengwa nguJan waseVartemberk, owayephelelwe ngumdla kule nqaba. Ngekhulu le-16 inqaba yayekwa.

Kwakukhona ukuvuselelwa okuthile kwendawo ngesikhathi seRomantic ngekhulu le-19. Ngo-1802, umnikazi omusha wefa laseMalá Skála waba usomabhizinisi wezingubo (wezimpahla) uFranz Zacharias Römisch, owalithenga kumaDesfours. Wayenayo iPantheon eyakhelwe lapha - iqoqo lezikhumbuzo, ama-urns okuhlobisa, izindawo ezikhumbulekayo nezinsimbi ngamabhasi ukugubha ubuntu obuhlukahlukene abavela kokubini umlando we-Czech nowezombusazwe (waseYurophu); ngaphandle kwalokho, wazakhela namanxiwa. I-castle chapel yendlu yasehlobo (namuhla ihlala ikhefi neziphuzo). Kodwa-ke, nalokhu kwakhiwa kabusha kwezothando akukange kulondolozwe ngokugcwele.

imibono

Okuthunyelwe okudumile okuvela kule bhulogi

URokytnice nad Jizerou, uLysa hora

IRokytnice nad Jizerou (ngesiJalimane iRochlitz an der Iser) iyidolobha nezindawo zezintaba ezisezintabeni zaseGiant ezisentshonalanga. Itholakala esifundeni saseLeberec, esifundeni saseSemily, esigodini esiphakeme sesifufula saseHu betweensk between phakathi kweziningi zeStráž (782 m), Čertova hora (1022 m) neLysá hora (1344 m) kanye nasogwini olusempumalanga (olusempumalanga) loMfula iJizera. Kuhlala izakhamuzi ezingaba ngu-2 600.

Isithombe se-aerial sikaTrosky Bohemian Paradise

Amanxiwa eTrosky Castle atholakale phezulu kwentaba enegama elifanayo (488 m), edolobhaneni laseTroskovice esifundeni saseSemily esifundeni saseLeberec. Itholakala endaweni yeBohemian Paradise Protended Landscape Area kanye neBohemian Paradise Geopark, okuthe ngonyaka ka-2015 kwaba ngolokuqala kulolu hlobo kusuka eCzech Republic ukufakwa kunethiwekhi ye-UNESCO global geopark. Le nqaba ingeyombuso (ephethwe yiNational Heritage Institute) futhi ivulekele umphakathi.



Amanxiwa awuphawu lwePharadesi laseBohemi kanye nenye yezindlu ezivakashelwa kakhulu eCzech Republic. Ezingxenyeni ezingaphezulu kwegquma kukhona indawo evikelwe yesikhumbuzo semvelo iTrosky. Intaba yiyona ndawo ephakeme kunazo zonke ze-Highlands. Ukuphakama kwephuzu eliphakeme kakhulu lenqaba (Panna Tower) ngamamitha angu-514.



Inqaba yangaphakathi yakhiwa phakathi kwamapayipi e-basalt flue amabili okwakhelwa kuwo imibhoshongo. Ukusuka eningizimu inqaba yayivikelwe yindawo emthambeka, enyakatho edamini. Ngaphansi kwe-flue esesitolo esithe xaxa, esinobukhulu obungamamitha angama-47, obizwa ngokuthi uBaba, senyuka umbhoshongo ongaphansi, wepentagonal. Empumalanga, slim…

ILysahora, iRokytnice nad Jizerou

IRokytnice nad Jizerou (ngesiJalimane iRochlitz an der Iser) iyidolobha nezindawo zezintaba ezisezintabeni zaseGiant ezisentshonalanga. Itholakala esifundeni saseLeberec, esifundeni saseSemily, esigodini esiphakeme sesifufula saseHu betweensk between phakathi kweziningi zeStráž (782 m), Čertova hora (1022 m) neLysá hora (1344 m) kanye nasogwini olusempumalanga (olusempumalanga) loMfula iJizera. Kuhlala izakhamuzi ezingaba ngu-2 600.