Yeqela kokuqukethwe okuyinhloko

Amanxiwa enqaba yaseGothic Kumburk



I-Kumburk incithakalo yenqaba yaseGothic, cishe nge-6 km entshonalanga neNová Paka. Kutholakala kwelinye lamaphuzu kanxantathu ocatshangwayo obizwa ngokuthi yiBohemian Paradise. Kutholakala endaweni ephakeme ye-642 m asl esifundeni saseSemily, egqumeni elinegama elifanayo. Izinsalela zalo zivikelwe njengesikhumbuzo sesiko le-Czech Republic.

Le nqaba yasungulwa ngonyaka 1325 nguMarkvart waseVartemberk. Ngemuva kweminyaka eyikhulu, ngesikhathi sempi yamaHussite, yethulwa ngumnikazi uHynek Krušina waseLichtenburg, owayengumbusi wase-Orebite. Mhlawumbe wayezakhe izinqaba zangaphandle. Izingxenye zomuntu ngamunye enqabeni yakhelwe zazakhiwe ngokuqondile ngaphezulu komunye.

Ngemuva kwezimpi zamaHussite uJindřich Berka waseDubá uthole isigodlo. Ngemuva kwakhe inqaba yathathwa ngumndeni wakwaTrčka kaLípa nomndeni wakwaSmiřický. Ku-16. Ngekhulu le-19 inqaba yayisetshenziswa njengejele. Ngesikhathi sempi yeminyaka engamashumi amathathu, waphatheka kabi ngabaseSweden. Ngonyaka u-1658 wadilizwa ngomyalo weEmperor Leopold I.

Ngenxa yezinganekwane eziningana zalo monakalo, imbongi uKarel Hynek Mácha yahambela. Kunohlu lwesikhumbuzo. Njengamanje, inqaba iphethwe yi-Association for the Preservation of Kumburk Castle, ebinakekela ukwakha umbhoshongo wokubheka futhi ibuye ihlele imicimbi ehlukahlukene yosiko enenhloso yokupha (ngemali eyakhiwe kabusha le nqaba).

Ukuhamba ngomgwaqo onophawu oluphuzi kuholela emanxiweni, kuqala esitobhini esiseduze sesitimela i-Syřenov nokukala i-3 km. Indlela ebhalwe uphawu ebomvu iwela le ndlela e0,5 km ngaphansi kwamanxiwa. Iholela entshonalanga eKlepanda emaphethelweni aseningizimu yedolobhana iSyřenov (ibanga le-2 km), ukuya empumalanga iyaqhubeka endaweni eyi-Skalka pod Kumburkem eduzane nedolobhana laseBrdo (i-1 km) ibheke eNová Paka (5 km).

Umbhoshongo ubheke iPharadesi laseBohemian nezintaba ezinkulu. Amakhilomitha ambalwa entshonalanga kweKumurk Castle kungenye imbubhiso yaseBradlec. Uma kuqhathaniswa neBradlec, iK Kumburk ilondoloze ingxenye enkulu kakhulu yento yokwakha, ikakhulukazi ingxenye engezansi yesigodlo nezinsalela zemibhoshongo nezindonga.

Inqaba itholakala ngokukhululeka, ngezimpelasonto kuhlalwa empompini. Le nhlangano ihlela imicimbi eminingana yomlando kule nqaba kaningana ngonyaka.

imibono

Okuthunyelwe okudumile okuvela kule bhulogi

URokytnice nad Jizerou, uLysa hora

IRokytnice nad Jizerou (ngesiJalimane iRochlitz an der Iser) iyidolobha nezindawo zezintaba ezisezintabeni zaseGiant ezisentshonalanga. Itholakala esifundeni saseLeberec, esifundeni saseSemily, esigodini esiphakeme sesifufula saseHu betweensk between phakathi kweziningi zeStráž (782 m), Čertova hora (1022 m) neLysá hora (1344 m) kanye nasogwini olusempumalanga (olusempumalanga) loMfula iJizera. Kuhlala izakhamuzi ezingaba ngu-2 600.

Isithombe se-aerial sikaTrosky Bohemian Paradise

Amanxiwa eTrosky Castle atholakale phezulu kwentaba enegama elifanayo (488 m), edolobhaneni laseTroskovice esifundeni saseSemily esifundeni saseLeberec. Itholakala endaweni yeBohemian Paradise Protended Landscape Area kanye neBohemian Paradise Geopark, okuthe ngonyaka ka-2015 kwaba ngolokuqala kulolu hlobo kusuka eCzech Republic ukufakwa kunethiwekhi ye-UNESCO global geopark. Le nqaba ingeyombuso (ephethwe yiNational Heritage Institute) futhi ivulekele umphakathi.



Amanxiwa awuphawu lwePharadesi laseBohemi kanye nenye yezindlu ezivakashelwa kakhulu eCzech Republic. Ezingxenyeni ezingaphezulu kwegquma kukhona indawo evikelwe yesikhumbuzo semvelo iTrosky. Intaba yiyona ndawo ephakeme kunazo zonke ze-Highlands. Ukuphakama kwephuzu eliphakeme kakhulu lenqaba (Panna Tower) ngamamitha angu-514.



Inqaba yangaphakathi yakhiwa phakathi kwamapayipi e-basalt flue amabili okwakhelwa kuwo imibhoshongo. Ukusuka eningizimu inqaba yayivikelwe yindawo emthambeka, enyakatho edamini. Ngaphansi kwe-flue esesitolo esithe xaxa, esinobukhulu obungamamitha angama-47, obizwa ngokuthi uBaba, senyuka umbhoshongo ongaphansi, wepentagonal. Empumalanga, slim…

ILysahora, iRokytnice nad Jizerou

IRokytnice nad Jizerou (ngesiJalimane iRochlitz an der Iser) iyidolobha nezindawo zezintaba ezisezintabeni zaseGiant ezisentshonalanga. Itholakala esifundeni saseLeberec, esifundeni saseSemily, esigodini esiphakeme sesifufula saseHu betweensk between phakathi kweziningi zeStráž (782 m), Čertova hora (1022 m) neLysá hora (1344 m) kanye nasogwini olusempumalanga (olusempumalanga) loMfula iJizera. Kuhlala izakhamuzi ezingaba ngu-2 600.