Yeqela kokuqukethwe okuyinhloko

Valdštejn Castle



I-Wallenstein (Waldstein) incithakalo esifundeni saseSemily ngaseTurnov, eParadise laseBohemian. Isakhiwo somndeni sama Lords of Wallenstein sivela engxenyeni yesibili yekhulu le-13. ikhulu leminyaka. Ingenye yezinqaba ezindala kakhulu kulesi sifunda. Manje iWallenstein itholakala nedolobha laseTurnov. Inqaba yakhiwa elinye lamagatsha omndeni wakwaMarkvartic phakathi kuka-1260 no-1280. Cishe kwakunguJaroslav waseHruštice noma indodana yakhe uZdeněk noValdštejn baba izihlalo zabo zomndeni, ngokusho kwabo bona kanye nabazukulwana babo abasebenzisa isimangaliso seNkosis yaseWallenstein. Babizwa ngokuthi iWallenstein. UJaroslav waseHruštice (uHruštice wayeyinqaba eduze kwaseTurnov) ekuqaleni wasebenzisa igama elithi Jaroslav laseLemberk, ngoba wayeyilungu lomndeni wakwaLemberk, indodana yesithathu kaHavel waseLemberk. UHavel weLemberk uqhamuka emndenini wakwaMarkvartic, owathola izindawo ezinkudlwana enyakatho yeBohemia ngosizo lwePřemyslids. Unina kaJaroslav kwakunguZdislava waseLemberk, waqanjwa ngo-1995. I-Wallenstein yahlala lapha iminyaka eyi-100. Isb. Ngiyazi uZdeněk waseWallenstein, isikhulu seNkosi uJohn yaseLuxembourg, uHynek waseWallenstein, owabamba iqhaza ekudingisweni kwezempi kweNkosi yaseCzech eLithuania ngo-1336, noJan waseWallenstein, owaboleka amathuna ayi-1500 kaMargrave Charles, ngokuhamba kwesikhathi iKing Charles IV. Ukuphela kwe-14. Ngekhulu le-XNUMX le ndawo yokuhlala yatholakala ngumndeni wakwaVartenberk, nawo owomndeni wakwaMarkvartic. NoHenry waseVartenberk wanquma ukulungisa ama-akhawunti abo umphathi weHussite uJan Žižka waseTrocnov, kwathi ngentwasahlobo ka-1424 wadonsa nebutho ukuya eTetov, walinqoba, waphikisana nesigodlo futhi wanqoba uWallenstein. Ngemuva kwalokho wayiphathisa kwiNkosi yaseValečov, umngani wakhe, owabopha lapha ngonyaka we-1427 unyaka wePrince Sigismund Korybutovič, umele ukhetho lobukhosi baseCzech. Ngo-1431 kwaba nomunye umlandeli wamaHussites Rameš Rozvoda waseStakor (ngaleso sikhathi waseHrádek). Eminyakeni engu-1438-1439 inqaba (kanye nenhloko-dolobha yaseKavčina eseduze) yabanjwa yizigebengu zabaphangi yingakho ngonyaka we-1440 banqotshwa imali yasemhlabeni. Ukushintshwa kwabanikazi kuyaqhubeka. Ama-Šofs kaHelfenburk ahlala lapha futhi kusukela ngo-1514 umndeni wakwaSmiřičtí womndeni wakwaSmiřice uhlala lapha. Cishe ngo-1550 isigodlo sashiswa ngomlotha. Ekupheleni kwe-17. Ngekhulu leminyaka, i-hermit Václav Holan Rovenský yahlala emanxiweni futhi izihambi ezahlukahlukene zaqala ukuza lapha. Abanini bomndeni waseValdštejn (abanikazi kusukela ngo-1620-1821) kwathi emva kwabo umndeni wakwa-Aehrenthal (1821–1945) bakha indawo yezithandani ezithandanayo kusuka emanxiweni. Ngo-1713, kwakhiwa izitebhisi zamatshe, ngo-1722 kwakhiwa i-chapel yaseSt. UJohn waseNepomuk futhi kungekudala ngemuva kwalokho izifanekiso eziningana. UJohane uMbhabhathizi. Ngo-1836, kwakhiwa isango lokungena ngemuva kwebhuloho lamatshe elinezithombe eziningi. Umndeni wakwa-Čihulkova uqashe indawo yokudlela kule nqaba kusukela ngo-1923 kuya ku-1949. Wabe esefakwa eqenjini leSokol Takeoff. Kusukela ngeMpi Yesibili Yomhlaba yindawo yabagibeli. Amanxiwa afinyeleleka ngonyawo ngezibonakaliso zabavakashi abaluhlaza nokubomvu, ipaki lezimoto eliseduze liqhele cishe nge-1 km. Ukusuka edolobhaneni laseTurnov, endaweni eyi-cadastral yaseMašov eduze neTurnov castle kuyinto, indawo iyi-3 km eningizimu ntshonalanga. ukuqondisa. Uhambo lokubona luyenzeka ezinyangeni ezithile zonyaka, ukuvunyelwa kuyakhokhelwa. Amanxiwa angamamitha angama-389 ngaphezu kolwandle. m., ukuphakama kungamamitha ayi-90. Indawo yemvelo yaseHruboskalsko itholakala endaweni eseningizimu nasempumalanga yenqaba.

imibono

Okuthunyelwe okudumile okuvela kule bhulogi

URokytnice nad Jizerou, uLysa hora

IRokytnice nad Jizerou (ngesiJalimane iRochlitz an der Iser) iyidolobha nezindawo zezintaba ezisezintabeni zaseGiant ezisentshonalanga. Itholakala esifundeni saseLeberec, esifundeni saseSemily, esigodini esiphakeme sesifufula saseHu betweensk between phakathi kweziningi zeStráž (782 m), Čertova hora (1022 m) neLysá hora (1344 m) kanye nasogwini olusempumalanga (olusempumalanga) loMfula iJizera. Kuhlala izakhamuzi ezingaba ngu-2 600.

Isithombe se-aerial sikaTrosky Bohemian Paradise

Amanxiwa eTrosky Castle atholakale phezulu kwentaba enegama elifanayo (488 m), edolobhaneni laseTroskovice esifundeni saseSemily esifundeni saseLeberec. Itholakala endaweni yeBohemian Paradise Protended Landscape Area kanye neBohemian Paradise Geopark, okuthe ngonyaka ka-2015 kwaba ngolokuqala kulolu hlobo kusuka eCzech Republic ukufakwa kunethiwekhi ye-UNESCO global geopark. Le nqaba ingeyombuso (ephethwe yiNational Heritage Institute) futhi ivulekele umphakathi.



Amanxiwa awuphawu lwePharadesi laseBohemi kanye nenye yezindlu ezivakashelwa kakhulu eCzech Republic. Ezingxenyeni ezingaphezulu kwegquma kukhona indawo evikelwe yesikhumbuzo semvelo iTrosky. Intaba yiyona ndawo ephakeme kunazo zonke ze-Highlands. Ukuphakama kwephuzu eliphakeme kakhulu lenqaba (Panna Tower) ngamamitha angu-514.



Inqaba yangaphakathi yakhiwa phakathi kwamapayipi e-basalt flue amabili okwakhelwa kuwo imibhoshongo. Ukusuka eningizimu inqaba yayivikelwe yindawo emthambeka, enyakatho edamini. Ngaphansi kwe-flue esesitolo esithe xaxa, esinobukhulu obungamamitha angama-47, obizwa ngokuthi uBaba, senyuka umbhoshongo ongaphansi, wepentagonal. Empumalanga, slim…

ILysahora, iRokytnice nad Jizerou

IRokytnice nad Jizerou (ngesiJalimane iRochlitz an der Iser) iyidolobha nezindawo zezintaba ezisezintabeni zaseGiant ezisentshonalanga. Itholakala esifundeni saseLeberec, esifundeni saseSemily, esigodini esiphakeme sesifufula saseHu betweensk between phakathi kweziningi zeStráž (782 m), Čertova hora (1022 m) neLysá hora (1344 m) kanye nasogwini olusempumalanga (olusempumalanga) loMfula iJizera. Kuhlala izakhamuzi ezingaba ngu-2 600.