Yeqela kokuqukethwe okuyinhloko

Kost castle



IKost yindawo yokuhlala ese-gothic etholakala eBohemian Paradise, endaweni ye-cadastral Podkost, ingxenye yedolobhana laseLibošovice, esifundeni iJičín, amashumi ambalwa amamitha ukusuka emngceleni weCentral Bohemia neHradec Králové. Kusukela ngo-1991 ibiphethwe ngasese igatsha lase-Italy lomndeni waseCzech Earl Kinský, uBorgo. Njengolunye lwezinqaba zethu ezimbalwa, alukho egqumeni, kodwa esigodini esisekelweni ledwala; Ime endaweni edwaleni lapho kuhlangana khona izigodi ezintathu zamadwala amakhulu. Enye yazo iholela eLibošovice futhi ibizwa ngeSvatoprokopské (futhi eyiProkopské), enye ingenye enhle kakhulu ePharadesi laseBohemian futhi ibizwa ngePlakanek. Owokugcina yiTurnov Valley, efana namanzi amabili edlule. UDobroslava Menclová Karlštejn uphawule ukwakheka kombhoshongo wokuhlala ngaphakathi kwendandatho ephindwe kabili yezindonga. Le nqaba isalondolozwe kahle, kufaka phakathi indawo yasemakhaya enomlando. Kwakhiwa amachibi amathathu azungeze isigodlo nhlangothi zombili izinhlangothi: iBílý, Čern S neSwan, ezimbili zokuqala zigcinwe kuze kube namuhla. Ngokwephula amadamu ala machibi, bekunokwenzeka ukuguqula indawo ezungeze inqaba ibe indawo enzima ukufinyelela kuyo. Ukudlula nje kancane esigodlweni kukhona amanye amachibi amabili: ngasenyakatho, endaweni encane yaseKlenice, kuyichibi lePartotický nasendaweni eseningizimu ePlakák echibini le-Obora (Pilský).

Le nqaba yasungulwa futhi yakhiwa ngaphambi kuka-1349 nguBenes the You omncane waseVartemberk, ngokusekelwe kunqaba eSobotka. Ngo-1349 kwaqala ukukhuluma ngayo embhalweni wesigodlo owawuseVenice eJizerou njengeBheneš yaseVartemberk naseBone. Ukwakhiwa kwaqedwa ngamadodana akhe uPetr noMarkvart waseVartemberk. Ekupheleni kwekhulu le-14, kwakhiwa i-Chapel ye-Virgin Mary egcekeni lesine, kamuva yanikezelwa kwi-Chapel of Sts. U-Anne, owayeyindwangu ebalulekile yengilazi yamaGothic. Umfelokazi kaPeter waseVartemberk Škuněk washada noNicholas Zajíc wase-DRMzmburk ngonyaka we-1414, ngakho-ke isigodlo leso sathathelwa indawo ngumnikazi okokuqala. Engxenyeni yokuqala yekhulu le-15, ngemuva kokushona kukaJan wase DRMzmburk, umnakekeli wakhe uZdeněk Lev wase Rožmitál wazitholela lezi zimpahla, owathengisa ngo-1497 uKost nenkantolo yonke kuJan wase-Šelmberk. Abanye abanikazi bale nqaba kwakungu: Ama-Lords Šelmberk (1497-1524), ama-Lords of Biberštejn (1524-1551), ama-Lords futhi, kusukela ngo-1624, izikhulu zeLobkowicz (1551-1637). Ngekhulu le-17 le nqaba yayibanjelwe isikhashana (1632-1634) ngumphathi - uDuke Albrecht waseWallenstein, kwabe sekuyiCounts of the Czernin of Chudenice (owayelapha ngo-1637-1738) waseLobkowitz Kost, walandelwa nguVáclav Kazimír Count Netolický wase-Eisenberg Ngo-1738) kanye nokubalwa okuhlobene nakho iVratislavová-Netoličtí (kungekudala kuze kube ngu-1769), ngemuva kokuba ifa lomndeni umndeni wase-Italy-Czech wanikeza uBorgo-Netolický (kuze kube ngu-1948), owaphuca inqaba yamakhomanisi eCzechoslovakia. Phakathi kuka-1953 no-1962, ukwakhiwa kanye nezindawo zangaphakathi kwale nqaba kwenziwa kabusha kwezokwakha kabusha. UNorbert Kinský (waseVchynice naseTetov), ​​umyeni womnikazi wokugcina ka-Anna Marie womndeni wanikeza uBorgo-Netolický, inqaba yaphinda yaqalwa ngo-1992. Umnikazi omusha waphinda wabhalela amadodana akhe uGiovanni noPius Kinský. UMnu Giovanni ube esengumnikazi wesikhumbuzo kuze kube namuhla.

imibono

Okuthunyelwe okudumile okuvela kule bhulogi

URokytnice nad Jizerou, uLysa hora

IRokytnice nad Jizerou (ngesiJalimane iRochlitz an der Iser) iyidolobha nezindawo zezintaba ezisezintabeni zaseGiant ezisentshonalanga. Itholakala esifundeni saseLeberec, esifundeni saseSemily, esigodini esiphakeme sesifufula saseHu betweensk between phakathi kweziningi zeStráž (782 m), Čertova hora (1022 m) neLysá hora (1344 m) kanye nasogwini olusempumalanga (olusempumalanga) loMfula iJizera. Kuhlala izakhamuzi ezingaba ngu-2 600.

Isithombe se-aerial sikaTrosky Bohemian Paradise

Amanxiwa eTrosky Castle atholakale phezulu kwentaba enegama elifanayo (488 m), edolobhaneni laseTroskovice esifundeni saseSemily esifundeni saseLeberec. Itholakala endaweni yeBohemian Paradise Protended Landscape Area kanye neBohemian Paradise Geopark, okuthe ngonyaka ka-2015 kwaba ngolokuqala kulolu hlobo kusuka eCzech Republic ukufakwa kunethiwekhi ye-UNESCO global geopark. Le nqaba ingeyombuso (ephethwe yiNational Heritage Institute) futhi ivulekele umphakathi.



Amanxiwa awuphawu lwePharadesi laseBohemi kanye nenye yezindlu ezivakashelwa kakhulu eCzech Republic. Ezingxenyeni ezingaphezulu kwegquma kukhona indawo evikelwe yesikhumbuzo semvelo iTrosky. Intaba yiyona ndawo ephakeme kunazo zonke ze-Highlands. Ukuphakama kwephuzu eliphakeme kakhulu lenqaba (Panna Tower) ngamamitha angu-514.



Inqaba yangaphakathi yakhiwa phakathi kwamapayipi e-basalt flue amabili okwakhelwa kuwo imibhoshongo. Ukusuka eningizimu inqaba yayivikelwe yindawo emthambeka, enyakatho edamini. Ngaphansi kwe-flue esesitolo esithe xaxa, esinobukhulu obungamamitha angama-47, obizwa ngokuthi uBaba, senyuka umbhoshongo ongaphansi, wepentagonal. Empumalanga, slim…

ILysahora, iRokytnice nad Jizerou

IRokytnice nad Jizerou (ngesiJalimane iRochlitz an der Iser) iyidolobha nezindawo zezintaba ezisezintabeni zaseGiant ezisentshonalanga. Itholakala esifundeni saseLeberec, esifundeni saseSemily, esigodini esiphakeme sesifufula saseHu betweensk between phakathi kweziningi zeStráž (782 m), Čertova hora (1022 m) neLysá hora (1344 m) kanye nasogwini olusempumalanga (olusempumalanga) loMfula iJizera. Kuhlala izakhamuzi ezingaba ngu-2 600.